Inner-city Guns


For decades, the raw data has shown that the bulk of gun crimes, woundings and deaths occur in the inner cities and are closely associated with gangs.

What we don’t have a great deal of clarity about is why and how this situation has come to dominate gun violence. Forget the statistically rare mass public shootings, the even more rare terrorist events, and even the plummeting rates of gun accidents.

If you are actually serious about “gun safety,” then you focus on what is occurring inside of major metro areas. Seventeen people died in the Parkland High School shooting. That many high school aged blacks die every week from gun violence, and these deaths are not tied to mass murders.

Thanks to the Center for Court Innovation, we have some added clarity.

“Gotta Make Your Own Heaven”

That is the title of a solid bit of research[rev]Gotta Make Your Own Heaven; Swaner, White, Martinez, Camacho, Spate, Alexander, Webb, Evans; Center for Court Innovation; August 2020[/rev] published in August of 2020 and funded by the federal Department of Justice (errrr, what was someone saying about there being a lack of gun violence research funding?).

This is a small study of three neighborhoods in New York, so great caution needs to be taken in expanding this to national conclusions. But the study focused intently on “at risk” young people and their involvement with guns.

A point of praise goes to the researchers and anyone else who tries to do a statistically sound review of gang-centric crime. You cannot simply roll into a bad neighborhood and start polling people. The degree of distrust is high among the residents, more so for people not of their neighborhood, and positively zero for anyone who might be associated with the law. The researchers used intermediaries who knew the culture, the gangs, the music and such to get many respondents and even get inside of gang buildings.

Some topline numbers

Let’s start with some hard numbers, and later we’ll wrap a little texture around it.

For respondents ages 16 thru 24:

SHOOTINGS

81%: Been shot or shot at

88%: Have a family member of fried who has been shot or shot at

70%: Have witnessed someone being shot

GUN OWNERSHIP AND ACCESS

87%: Have owned or carried a gun

68%: Carry guns in public, 51% at parties or social events

58%: Easy to get a gun if needed (from local networks)

63%: Acquired first gun at age 14–17 (20% under age 14)

MOTIVATIONS

78%: Live in areas with “a lot of crime”

44%: Hear gunshots at least weekly, 70% at least monthly

77%: Carry guns for safety, 52% feel less likely to be a victim

GANG ELEMENTS


95%: Aware of gangs in their neighborhood

93%: Gangs provide material and emotional support

91%: Believe gangs provide protection for their members

25%: Feel pressure to join a gang

71%: Enjoyed being a gang member

SOCIAL DRIVERS

78%: Reside in public housing

63%: Raised by a single parent

32%: Earn money through illicit jobs

26%: Feel that neighbors trust each other

20%: Their illicit jobs “require” them to carry guns

POLICE

91%: Stopped by police in the last two years

88%: Have arrest records

38%: Have gun charges against them

57%: First arrest before age 16

MISC

Unquantified: High use of marijuana to impede violent reactions, including misusing guns

Unquantified: Sees gangs as a source of love and community they lack at home (keywords – brotherhood, family)

Let’s summarize. For these people who are prime gangs+crime+guns participants:

  • Low family structure, leading to seeking such from the fraternity of gangs.
  • Live in a crime-plagued neighborhood.
  • Have easy access to guns via underground network, including gangs.
  • Acquire guns in their early teens and carry them regularly.
  • Are arrested for the first time in their mid-teens.

Some subculture statements

Without copying and pasting, here are some of the narratives that illustrate why this has been a multi-decade problem:

Their social structure – be it family or neighborhood – is dysfunctional. Patents are dead, in jail or use drugs. Children are raised in an environment without strong affection, guidance or control.

In these neighborhoods gangs are the social and economic base. The gangs provide affection, guidance, control and a chance to earn money, albeit through criminal activity. Crime is the norm in these neighborhoods, so the resistance to becoming a gang-centered criminal is low.

Though we did not summarize the stats, there is a widespread assumption that the police are a force for harassment (over petty crimes), operate as a gang themselves, and have very little interest in protecting and serving the tough neighborhoods. This includes a belief that the police do not actually protect residents from violence.

Unravelling

As you see, there are several vectors that lead to criminal activity, typically within gangs, solidly within inner cities. These vectors are the progenitors of most American gun violence, and thus the primary place to focus attention.

But we also see that the established underground networks for acquiring guns negates the effect of any retail-level gun control. Stated more simply, restricting retail gun sales will have no effect on the largest portion of gun violence.

This article first appeared on Gun Facts. Please make a donation directly to them at https://www.gunfacts.info/donate/

0 0 vote
Article Rating

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

More from The Gun Facts Project: